Do your own assessment on whether you're willing to take that risk or not. What this means in practical terms is that HA can operate in a self-contained fashion within the local network. It's fiddly, time consuming, fraught with problems and most importantly, completely out of reach for the huge majority of people using IoT devices. Just one screen? In other words, share generously but provide attribution. As it relates to IoT, let's look at it in 2 different ways: The first point is a bit of a no brainer because all the certificate management is done centrally by, say, Amazon for their Echo devices. The point here is that I'm effectively doing my own little risk assessment on each IoT device, and you can too. 1h. Same again with VTech who collected a bunch of data via children's tablets (IMHO, an IoT device as they're first and foremost a toy) then left it open to very simple vulnerabilities. For some reason, the Shelly on my garage door is making a DNS request for api.shelly.cloud once every second! I've been directly involved in the discovery or disclosure of a heap of these and indeed, security is normally the thing I most commonly write about. It's akin to moving away from the old thinking that all the bad stuff was outside the network perimeter and all the good stuff was inside. The vulnerability Context Security discovered meant exposing the Wi-Fi credentials of the network the device was attached to, which is significant because it demonstrates that IoT vulnerabilities can put other devices on the network at risk as well. Right, glad I got that off my chest, I know exactly what I need right now: Ah, the perfect accompaniment with which to finish this next blog post pic.twitter.com/vlx18DUOSH, Hi, I'm Troy Hunt, I write this blog, create courses for Pluralsight and am a Microsoft Regional Director and MVP who travels the world speaking at events and training technology professionals, Hi, I'm Troy Hunt, I write this blog, run "Have I Been Pwned" and am a Microsoft Regional Director and MVP who travels the world speaking at events and training technology professionals. I got an email from hibps saying it's been pwned and I want my email removing from your system or else I might have to take drastic action. The integration is maturing fast and next release will be really . to find that all my HA has broken because of an outage with the Tuya cloud servers. You cannot lose what you do not have: This is an old adage often used in a digital privacy context and it's never been truer than with IoT. That said, there's also a lot to be said about cloud integration and a perfect example of that is weather stations. Same again with the TicTocTrack kids tracking watches which allowed a stranger on the other side of the world to talk to my 6 year old daughter. Be selective with what you connect: This whole journey began with me trying to automate my garage door, which I eventually did. (Sidenote: regarding this particular issue, it looks like work has been done to make HA play nice with the newer version of the firmware.). I've chosen to place all my highly trusted devices such as my iPhone, iPad and PCs on the primary network and all the IoT things on the IoT network. Nov 9. It made it easy for all the existing devices to jump onto the new network (I used the same password from the v1 network) and it gives me the option to segment traffic later on. 0. His comedy skit nailed it too: my Twitter timeline is literally just me talking about the things I'm interested in and whilst that might be predominantly technology and infosec stuff, turns out I actually have a life beyond that too. HA has a Let's Encrypt add-on. Ugh. I often run private workshops around these, here's upcoming events I'll be at: Don't have Pluralsight already? Once upon a time, it was the sole domain of banks and e-commerce sites and it meant you were "secure" (Chrome literally used to use that word). Sort options. Here we had a situation where an attacker could easily control moving parts within a car from a remote location. It'll help ensure a 'sustainable future' for the project after a failed acquisition process. Stefán Jökull Sigurðarson - CCP Ghostrider @stebets. Perhaps that's just a matter of time and as demand grows, who knows, we might even see HA on the TP-Link box alongside the tech behemoths. Out of curiosity, I asked this question earlier today and got a response from Paulus just before publishing this blog post: For Shelly we use a mix of HTTP (settings, control) and CoAP (state). Let me include a screen grab of the poll NordVPN posted in that tweet because for reasons that will become apparent in a moment, your experience may differ: When I first saw this poll, it had already ended so the votes were on full display. Read more about why I chose to use Ghost. Troy Hunt. Whilst the underlying risk that exposes the data may well be a classic lack of auth CloudPets style, there'd be no data to expose were it not for adding internet to devices that never had it before. Report or block troyhunt. They're complex little units doing amazing things and they run software written by humans which inevitably means that sooner or later, one of us (software developers) is going to screw something up that'll require patching. To test that last question, I fired up a bunch of IoT device apps to see which ones are auto-updating (so I don't have to think about patching) versus requiring a manual update (in which case, I should have been thinking about patching). Because people often ask if I trust them given I have one in each kids' room. We need to do better as an industry; better self-healing devices, better zero trust networks and better interoperability. If an adversary gained full control to the UniFi Protect server then yes, they could remove the privacy zones, but that would only apply to future videos and only until I cottoned on to something being wrong. This mindset is akin to putting all the potentially bad eggs in the one basket and the good eggs (such as your PC) in another basket. Troy has 4 jobs listed on their profile. Author: troyhunt Weekly Update 80. It would still work if there was no internet connectivity (local control) and TP-Link were none the wiser that I'd just toggled a switch (privacy first). I find the sleight against self-promotion in particular a nonsensical position to take on a social media platform I use to amplify my messaging. This is super important because your average person simply isn't going to manually patch their light bulbs. So, what's the right approach? Report abuse View GitHub Profile Sort: Recently created. In that perfect world, TP-Link wouldn't necessarily need to go as far as devoting resources to building HA integrations (although that would be nice! troyhunt has 16 repositories available. That'll get you access to thousands of courses amongst which are dozens of my own including: Hey, just quickly confirm you're not a robot: Got it! Let's got through the options: I'll start with the devices themselves and pose a question to you: can you remember the last time you patched the firmware in your light globes? If you know the email, that’s one factor and if you know the password, we’ll, that’s obviously another factor . Neither is encrypted.I think the way IKEA does CoAP is neat. It's painful enough for me! Now for the big challenge - security. Hide content and notifications from this user. on one of my switches) would be able to observe the traffic (no confidentiality), modify it (no integrity) or redirect it (no authenticity). So, you end up tracking down devices, ports and protocols and creating ever more complex firewall rules between networks. He regularly blogs about application security, improving the software development process and all things technology related at troyhunt.com. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and … 08.07.2020. The good guys had it, the bad guys didn't. That said, from a simple security and privacy perspective (and often a performance perspective too), I always prioritise local communication. It's both, here's why: Let's use smart vibrators as an example (yes, they're a real thing), in particular the WeVibe situation: If this data was compromised, it could potentially expose a huge amount of very personal information about their owners, information that never existed in digital form before the advent of IoT. Let me break this down into logical parts and use real world examples of where things have gone wrong and I'd like to cover it in two different ways: Let's take that first point and what immediately came to mind was the Nissan Leaf vulnerability someone in my workshop found almost 5 years ago now. In part 2, I covered IP addresses and the importance of a decent network to run all this stuff on, followed by Zigbee and the role of low power, low bandwidth devices. One way of dealing with that is to simply block the devices from receiving any updates: Troy, Firewall Rule number 1 for HA and Home IoT subnets (although breaks Wiz Bulb connectivity even though they have a “local” access API) pic.twitter.com/RGOhsGaq7F. Replying to @troyhunt. In part 1 of this series, I posited that the IoT landscape is an absolute mess but Home Assistant (HA) does an admirable job of tying it all together. So, is troyhunt.com safe? I've not connected that door as it presents a greater risk and provides less upside if connected than the external door thus is harder to justify being IoT enabled. That data is from my Pi-hole and the Shelly is configured precisely per the earlier image. Coming back to a recurring theme from this series, the security situation as it relates to normal everyday people using IoT devices isn't great and I've given plenty of examples of why that's the case. It”s a MASSIVE weekly update! troyhunt.com. If you're not already using a password manager, go and download 1Password and change all your passwords to be strong and unique. It's painful.). That door is internet connected and it allows me to remotely open it so couriers can drop off packages or I can easily ride my bike back inside the property boundary (I just ask Siri on my watch to open it up). Let's dive into it. Just over a day later, it's a different story and I only knew there was an update pending because I fired up the app and looked at the device: I checked just one of the couple of dozen connected lights running in the Tuya app: This looks good, but it wasn't the default state! By K. Holt, 08.07.2020. I'm looking around at devices (the Davis Vantage Pro2 is the frontrunner at present, but I'm open to suggestions), and that then raises the question: which ones have an integration with HA? Hosted on IP address 104.28.19.35 in San Francisco, United States. As with the rest of the IoT landscape, there's a lot of scope for improvement here and also just like the other IoT posts, it gets very complex for normal people very quickly. We need to think differently. Security goes well beyond just digital controls, indeed there are many ways we can influence our IoT security posture simply by adjusting the way we think about the devices. (Incidentally, Lixil Satis toilets had a similar vulnerability due to hardcoded PINs on all "devices".). @troyhunt. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. An adversary sitting at the network routing level (i.e. The main problem is that you end up with all sorts of scenarios where a particular IoT device needs to see the app that controls it but because the very purpose of the VLAN is to lock the IoT things away, things would fail. ocado @Ocado. 0. You can find similar websites and websites using the same design template.. Troyhunt.com has an estimated worth of 86,531 USD. This site runs entirely on Ghost and is made possible thanks to their kind support. Throwback to when WHOIS was all public. Domain Name: troyhunt.com Registry Domain ID: 13201270_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN Registrar WHOIS Server: WHOIS.ENOM.COM Registrar … Beautiful day out! This password wasn't found in any of the Pwned Passwords loaded into Have I Been Pwned. I don't have a problem with this, and I think that being too religious about "though shalt not have any cloud dependencies" robs you of a lot of choices. By themselves? Does it need an update? Getting back to network compatibility, whilst Ubiquiti's UniFi range will happily support this approach, AmpliFi won't. Dec 4. He also is the creator of ASafaWeb, a tool that performs automated security analysis on ASP.NET But don't for a moment think that jumping on the keyboard and telling me you didn't come to my timeline to read what I've put on my timeline is going to influence me one little bit. In other words, share generously but provide attribution. Learn more about blocking users. In my mind I'm hearing this person in his best Ricky Gervais voice grumbling "but I don't fucking like boats"! In part 1 of the series I quoted from the HA website about how the project "puts local control and privacy first". did a review on smart plugs and found the following: The whole premise of an attacker already being on your network is precisely why zero trust is important. And finally, what's the impact if it does? But David doesn't fucking like food and beer. Unless I'm quoting someone, they're just my own views. That doesn't necessarily mean it's a good password, merely that it's not indexed on this site. Beyond a cursory Google search that returned no results, I haven't even begun to think about the logistics of installing a cert on a Shelly let alone the dozen other Shelly devices I have in the house. Read more about why I chose to use Ghost. Whois Lookup for troyhunt.com. Running UniFi, I can easily create multiple Wi-Fi networks: As we then look at which clients have connected to which SSIDs, we can see them spread across the primary (HTTP403) and IoT (HTTP403 IoT) networks: I've also got a heap of access points across my house so different devices are connected to different APs depending on where they're located and what signal strength they have. Finally, and per the last couple of blogs in the series, Scott and I will be talking live about all things IoT (and definitely drilling much deeper into the security piece given the way both of us make a living), later this week via this scheduled broadcast , Hi, I'm Troy Hunt, I write this blog, create courses for Pluralsight and am a Microsoft Regional Director and MVP who travels the world speaking at events and training technology professionals, Hi, I'm Troy Hunt, I write this blog, run "Have I Been Pwned" and am a Microsoft Regional Director and MVP who travels the world speaking at events and training technology professionals. Our view of SSL or HTTPS or TLS (and all those terms get used a bit interchangeably), has really changed over the years. As at the time of writing, the fix is to raise a support ticket with TP-Link, send them your MAC address then they'll respond with a firmware downgrade you can use to restore the device to its previous state. Black men are being murdered, but whatever, let’s just talk fucking security shit. A weather station is a sizable outlay compared to a smart plug and I don't want to go into it with an expectation of it working a certain way and then one day having that broken. How often would you think about firmware updates? 1. What if it's one of those really slick high-DPI ones that gets really pricey? To my point about @GerryD's tweet earlier, firewalling off devices still remains a problem even when running open source custom firmware. Consumers can't configure this stuff nor should they, rather we need to do a better job as an industry of making IoT devices resilient to each other. But I actually have 2 garage doors with one leading to what could more appropriately be called a carport (a covered area inside the property boundary) and the other then leading inside the house. — Troy Hunt (@troyhunt) November 23, 2020. Just last month, Which? Published August 19, 2020. Block user. Lots of lovely responses in the comments too plus, at the time of writing, 144 likes. If we recognise this whole thing is a mess and that at least as of today, we don't have a good strategy for keeping things patched, what should we do? Thing is even when I'm bang on topic in terms of the content people expect from me - bang "on brand" as you'll see in a moment - people still get cranky: Dude, come on. It also gives me the option to easily put it all on a different subnet later on, for example if I genuinely get to the point of IPV4 exhaustion on the 192.168.1.0/24 subnet. IoT firmware should be self-healing. Troy’s software interests focus on enabling colleagues and partners to be productive in delivering high quality applications within proven frameworks. Don't think this is just a pandemic era phenomenon though; when I bought a new car a few years ago, I was excited and as such, I shared that excitement online: Is there a way to filter that kind of bullsh*t and stick to security/data-breach content _exclusively_ ? Let's look at one more related topic - TLS. (Sidenote: even this can be painful as the native apps for many IoT devices want to join them to the same SSID the phone running the app is on so I found myself continually joining my iPhone to the IoT SSID before pairing... then forgetting I'd done that and later wondering why my phone was on the IoT network! People just aren't going to do this themselves. But rightly or wrongly, the risk you take when using devices in a fashion they weren't designed for is that the manufacturer may break that functionality at some time. I was stumped and the doorbell was kinda crap anyway thus the tweet above. I often run private workshops around these, here's upcoming events I'll be at: Don't have Pluralsight already? Or talking teddy bear. Remember, the one with the security flaw which was patched and then broke the HA integration? Easy . Every time one of the kids asks Alexa a question, a TLS connection is established to Amazon's services and they get the benefit of confidentiality, integrity and authenticity. There's a wall around the house behind those green palms, but it can be jumped. They can always screw you. Have I Been Pwned's code base will be open sourced. But this is just segmentation by SSID; every device is on the same subnet and the same logical VLAN and there's not presently any segmentation of clients such that the Shelly controlling the lights on my fireplace can't see my iPhone. Troubleshooting was painful; every time I had an IoT device not behaving as expected, I'd look suspiciously at the firewall rules between the VLANs. Troy Hunt is a Microsoft MVP for Developer Security, ASPInsider, and Author for Pluralsight„a leader in online training for technology and creative professional @troyhunt. It also grants me more privacy as the devices aren't perpetually polling someone else's cloud... almost. And what makes that desk "ergonomic"? Let's just take a slice out of out of the Wikipedia definition: It's become a bit of a buzzword of late but the principle is important: instead of assuming everything on the network is safe because you only put good things on the network, assume instead that everything is bad and that each client must protect itself from other clients. Now that I've finished talking about how patching should be autonomous, let's talk about the problems with that starting with an issue I raised in this tweet from yesterday: In the first of my IoT blog series yesterday, I lamented how one of my smart plugs was unexplainably inaccessible. 2. Ok, so the joke is a stupid oldie, but a hard truth lies within it: there have been some shocking instances of security lapses in IoT devices. The point in all these cases isn't to say someone is "wrong" for using a connected baby monitor or making kinky home movies, rather that doing so increases the chances of an otherwise private event being seen by others. troyhunt writes: It seems that Apple, as part of their demo and support processes, are connecting new Macs and iOS devices to an in-store Wi-Fi network without any encryption.Whilst not necessarily transferring any sensitive data at the time, the devices have been found to then willingly connect to rogue access points such as a Wi-Fi Pineapple as soon as they leave the store. Well this is different; a weekly update bereft of neon studio lighting and instead done from the great outdoors, complete with all sorts of animal noises and a (probably) drunk green tree frog. When we put this into the context of your average consumer, it means that stuff just needs to work out of the box. One approach is that rather than trying to integrate directly between the weather station and HA, you find a weather station that can integrate with Weather Underground (which Davis can do with WeatherLink Live) then use the Weather Underground integration. Troy Adam Hunt is an Australian web security consultant known for public education and outreach on security topics. Why mention Echo? There will be those who respond to this blog post with responses along the lines of "well, you really don't need any of these things connected anyway, why take the risk?" 1. Main thing is support for a chime box inside the house (also required) plus the usual video and audio to mobile devices. The back story to this was that I'd just installed Ubiquiti's AmpliFi ALIEN unit at this friend's house and in doing so, set up a brand new network with new SSID and subsequently set about migrating all the connected things to the new one. Looks like @tplinkuk broke it with a firmware update which will now break a bunch of stuff around the house. @troyhunt. As it relates to my own approach to IoT, all cameras I have point at places that are publicly observable. I'm Troy Hunt, an Australian Microsoft Regional Director and Microsoft Most Valuable Professional for Developer Security. What I know about each of the multi-billion dollar tech companies mentioned here is that they have huge budgets for this stuff and are the most likely not just to get it right in the first place, but to deal with it responsibly if they get it wrong. And before anyone starts jumping up and down suggesting that devices shouldn't auto-update because you should carefully test any patches before rolling out to production and ensuring you have a robust rollback strategy, these are consumer devices made for people like my mum and dad! 7. more replies. 0. If what I tweet doesn't resonate with you, unfollow me. 4 Mar 2019. We have pandemic and people stuggeling for existence, climate crisis threatening our kids future and we are all about planes, boats and huge houses. Probably “no”, but in a perfect world they’d document local connections by other apps and not break that. Now, there's one reason and one reason only why I tweeted about the car and I'll summarise it succinctly here: This is not a hard concept to grasp: I post things to my feed I get pleasure from and this person grumbling about "I don't fucking like cars" has absolutely zero impact on my propensity to post more cars in the future (I've posted a lot of car tweets since then). In other words, one person's vulnerability is another person's integration . I honestly don't know because it's not clear if, to use my earlier term again, they're self-healing. I can't blame this on the teddy bears themselves, rather the fact that the MongoDB holding all the collected data was left publicly facing without a password. In a perfect world, companies would approach this in the same way Shelly has: One company that we have partnered with is Shelly. It doesn't surprise me that CloudPets and TicTocTrack made the mistakes they did because they're precisely the sorts of small organisations shipping cheap products that I expect to get this wrong, but clearly organisation size alone is not a measure of security posture. @troyhunt 27 Apr I've just installed #covidsafe and want to capture my thoughts on the experience and the general principles behind the app here, especially as … I ended up constantly debugging network traffic and searching across endless threads just like this one trying to work out why Sonos wasn't playing nice across VLANs. I picked one of my favourite travelling companions to join me this week, a little guy I Reading through the responses to my original question, the resounding feedback was that when it comes to IoT communicating inside home networks, people weren't too concerned about a lack of transport layer encryption. The growth has been driven by the free and easy availability of certificates, largely due to the emergence of Let's Encrypt in 2016. Or are they just the same old risks we've always had with data stored on the internet? Ricky Gervais does an amazing job of explaining what I'm about to delve into so do yourself a favour and spend a minute watching this first: And therein lies the inspiration for the title of this blog. Are these examples actually risks in IoT? troyhunt (Troy Hunt) is now on Keybase, an open source app for encryption and cryptography. In total, there are 1,160,253,228 unique combinations of email addresses and passwords. For example, my UniFi network centres around their Dream Machine Pro device and Scott has written in the past about how to set up HTTPS on the UDM. Now you're dependent on the cloud, but you've also dramatically widened your scope of compatible devices (WU integration is very common) and done so in a way that's a lot less hacky than custom integrations connecting to non-standard services. Use devices you can drop Tasmota onto. Wondered what this was when i got the notification, cheers. The thing with both the car and the watch hacks though is that the vulnerability was at the API layer, not the device itself and this is where we spear off into another 2 directions: I've given 2 examples of the first point, so here's 2 examples of the second beginning with LIFX light bulbs. In a essence, it boils down to this: people expressing their displeasure when I post about a topic they're not interested in then deciding to have a whinge that my timeline isn't tailored to their expectation of the things they'd like me to talk about. Learn more about reporting abuse. Finally, I checked my TP-Link smart plugs via the Kasa app: Uh... is that good? I also don't believe the approaches taken by enthusiasts solves the problem in any meaningful way, namely custom firmware, blocking device updates and creating VLANs. I can't recall precisely what the food was but if I felt it was Twitter-worthy, it was probably epic And as for self-promotion, turns out my livelihood does kinda depend on sharing the things I do so that people might take out blog sponsorship or get me to do a talk or allow me to engage in other activities that pay me such that I can buy more food and beer. I know Troy isn't fond of the firmware replacement approach, but I don't want to wake up one day (or not wake up!) Risks we 've always had with data stored on the top and has four legs, is that?... In each kids ' room isolate the network the non-IoT things are on be selective with what choose... Your non-tech friends consciously thinking about firmware updates not just jeolous or the Twitter AI honestly do n't like... Stuff around the house behind those green palms, but this is isolate! Cloud... almost use Ghost integration and a perfect world they ’ d document local by! Sp 800-63B and that they have n't Been breached online encrypted.I think the way IKEA does is... Be jumped so many it people in the comments too plus, at the time writing... Mean it 's not clear if, to use Ghost little bits to it as the opportunity presented itself would... On a per-device basis San Francisco, United States to turn your lights on either in of... I can understand that conclusion insofar as the LAN is a key / QR that can be used to an..., one person 's vulnerability is another person 's integration great deal of respect for your on. Was patched and then berating them for sharing it is just plain stupid because people often if. Open sourced the Tuya cloud servers breached online manually patch their light bulbs is support for a box... Profile on LinkedIn, the one with the security flaw which was patched and berating... Also required ) plus the usual video and audio to mobile devices murdered, but disappointed https: //t.co/6HdBMYcOnO updates..., one person 's integration what I tweet does n't fucking like ''... Adversary sitting at the network the IoT things are on from the network the non-IoT things are on a... Runs entirely on Ghost and is made possible thanks to their kind.. Every second each kids ' room security vulnerability I post of beer yours: the electrical... Wall around the house ( also check out how to configure interVLAN routing. ) car now would we an..., 144 likes a whole bunch of stuff around the house running web servers and talking.! Network compatibility, whilst Ubiquiti 's UniFi range will happily support this approach, wo... Either, because most of mine are probably like yours: the simplest electrical devices the! 4.0 International License moving parts within a car from a remote location I quoted from the HA website about the... Is weather stations also a lot to be done about it Kasa app: Uh... is that?! Things are on from the network the non-IoT things are on earlier on and the Shelly on my door. Password was n't found in any of those 3 examples - your non-tech friends consciously thinking about updates. 'M effectively doing my own approach to IoT, all cameras I have one in each kids ' room..! Plugs via the Kasa app: Uh... is that I 'm honest, my opinion of them a... This site runs entirely on Ghost and is made possible thanks to their kind.... “ no ”, but disappointed https: //t.co/6HdBMYcOnO n't and why would they to Ghost... It people in the home that supports it can understand that conclusion insofar as the opportunity presented itself a. 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Tuya shuts down the service manually patch their light bulbs I like my IoT journey is what you:... My own views this brings me back to the TP-Link experience above ), I my! Door is making a what is troyhunt request for api.shelly.cloud once every second own views perspective. Same design template.. Troyhunt.com has an estimated worth of 86,531 USD patched and then berating them for sharing is... Out of the importance of this brings me back to network compatibility, whilst Ubiquiti UniFi. And fork troyhunt 's gists by creating an account on GitHub network the non-IoT are... Was when I got the notification, cheers you connect: this whole began. They have n't Been breached online break that shuts down the service Uh is! On from the network the IoT things are on from the HA about. ) October 24, 2020 how the project `` puts local control and privacy perspective and..., Stop Following me whole bunch of stuff around the house self-healing devices, they 're going to need occasionally. To mobile devices selective with what you connect: this whole journey began with me to... All my HA has broken because of an outage with the security flaw was! Those green palms, but it can be used to generate an access what is troyhunt and! I often run private workshops around these, here 's upcoming events 'll... Around these, here 's upcoming events I 'll be at: n't! Do your own assessment on whether you 're not already using a password manager, go and download 1Password change. To mention my beer fridge! between networks can hold. ) ) plus the usual video audio! Of my knowledge, most consumer-focused network products wo n't one monitor or that ergonomic desk David! Gone bad broke it with a firmware update which will now break a bunch devices... We 've always had with data stored on the top and has four,! And privacy perspective ( and often a performance perspective too ), I 'm this! Has also authored several popular security-related courses on Pluralsight, and you can too some time now, little. Attribution 4.0 International License a good example of that is weather stations down into 3, common-sense approaches:.! Just ignore them then, would that work, from a simple and! Just the same thing with his Pi-hole HA can operate in a perfect world they ’ d document connections! Making a DNS request for api.shelly.cloud once every second interVLAN routing. ) trying automate... Ask if I 'm hearing this person in his best Ricky Gervais voice grumbling but. Yes, fellow techies, that 's a sizeable amount more than a 32-bit integer can hold..... Their security things in just the same design template.. Troyhunt.com has estimated... 1Password and change all what is troyhunt passwords to be productive in delivering high quality applications within proven frameworks )... 1,160,253,228 unique combinations of email addresses and passwords doing my own views account on.! 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'S one of those 3 examples - your non-tech friends consciously thinking about firmware updates this down 3! Lives and then berating them for sharing it is just plain stupid I trust given... Addresses and passwords the world could not afford half of one monitor or that ergonomic desk it as devices. Have an integration that wo n't break in the home that supports it blogs application! About cloud integration and a perfect example of the Pwned passwords loaded into have I Been Pwned can! Understand that conclusion insofar as the opportunity presented what is troyhunt at the network the IoT things are on from network!