Similar species: The dorsal stripe of the southern red-backed salamander (P. serratus) is uniform in width, wider, and has serrated (toothed) edges. Diet: Ants, termites, beetles, flies, spiders, snails, mites, and other small invertebrates. 1. David A. Beamer 1 Michael J. Lannoo 2. Southern Two-lined Salamander Eurycea cirrigera. Little is known about their reproductive history. They are also quite common near springs and mouths of caves. It is endemic to the United States. Southern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon ventralis) Photos by J.D. Box 67, Ward Road Elkins, WV 26241 Cover photos by M.B. Plethodon ventralis Highton, 1997 Southern Zigzag Salamander. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, freshwater springs, rocky areas, and caves.It is threatened by habitat loss. ___ Northern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon dorsalis) & Southern Zigzag (Plethodon ventralis). Plethodon ventralis. Similar Species: Ravine and Zigzag salamander. Willson unless otherwise noted . Common. Edit. Wehrle’s Salamander Plethodon wehrlei . If you are one of the FEEDING HABITS:  1975. Salamanders are small lizard-like amphibians having moist, porous scaleless skin and four, often weak or rudimentary legs. Size: 2 ½ – 3 ¼ inches. Spotted Dusky Salamander 12. via YouTube Capture. Zigzag salamanders forage along the forest floor in search of small insects. The southern zigzag salamander (Plethodon ventralis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. Webster's Salamander 12. The Northern Zigzag Salamanders (P. dorsalis) is part of a species complex that includes the Southern Zigzag Salamander (P. ventralis) and the Ozark Zigzag Salamander (P. angusticlavius). It is endemic to the United States. Animalia: pictures (7319) Animalia: specimens (3017) At the present time, 57 amphibian species are known to occur in Kentucky (35 types of salamanders and 22 frogs and toads). It is often found on steep, north-facing rocky slopes in the fall, winter and early spring months. AUTHOR: Matt Brock, Wildlife Biologist, Alabama Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries, Official Web Site of Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, © 2020 Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 64 N. Union Street, Suite 468 - Montgomery, Alabama 36130, Physically Disabled Hunting and Fishing Trail. Northern Zigzag Salamander … One fact of life is that salamanders have cute faces. Southern Zigzag Salamander. This species closely resembles the Southern Zigzag salamander and is generally differentiated only by location. Belly red with dark dots. Southern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon ventralis) Webster’s Salamander (Plethodon websteri) Mud Salamander (Pseudotriton montanus) Red Salamander (Pseudotriton ruber) Many-lined Salamander (Stereochilus marginatus) Family Salamandridae (Newts) Striped Newt (Notophthalmus perstriatus) Aneides aeneus. more >> Northern Slimy Salamander Plethodon glutinosus. The Reptiles & Amphibians of Alabama. The sides are brown to dark gray with a yellowish or orange colored striped running longitudinally down the dorsum. It is endemic to the United States. Similar species: The dorsal stripe of the Ozark zigzag salamander (P. angusticlavius) is usually very thin (less than a third of the width of the body), may be broken up into lobes, and is always widest near the hind limbs. The Southern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon ventralis) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family.It is endemic to the United States. The Zig-zag Salamander, Plethodon dorsalis Cope, in Southern Alabama. Eurycea guttolineata. This is a small salamander between 2 ½-3 ½ inches long. Status: Urbanization and conversion of forest into cropland have eliminated many populations, but the species remains common in suitable habitat (Petranka 1998). Northern zigzag salamanders (Plethodon dorsalis) are distributed from southern Indiana southward through western and central Kentucky and central Tennessee (Thurow, 1966). http://www.flickr.com/photos/40293555@N03/4533569468, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plethodon_ventralis. Southern Zigzag Salamander 12. It range overlaps but is generally southwest of the range of the southern red-backed salamander’s. Herpetologica, 23: 246-247. Until 1997, Alabama populations were known as northern zigzag salamanders, Plethodon dorsalis. The southern zigzag salamander ranges from south-central Kentucky southward into central Alabama (Highton 1997). Historical versus Current Distribution. Conant, Roger. Southern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon ventralis) Southern Zigzag Salamander (Again) (Plethodon ventralis) Striped Skunk (Mephis mepthis) Virginia Opossum (Didelphia virginiana) West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus) Western Screech Owl (Megascops … DISTRIBUTION:  Occurs from Illinois and Indiana south to north and central Alabama, primarily in the uplands of the Southwestern Appalachians and Interior Plateau eco-regions. Highton (1997) elevated these forms from subspecies to separate species. The belly is light and mottled with dark pigment of varying intensity. They prefer upland rocky woodlands dominated by hardwoods, most often encountered under rotten logs and rocks. They are known to be completely terrestrial, omitting the aquatic larval stage. Southern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon virginia Shenandoah Mountain Salamander Plethodon websteri Webster's salamander... Plethodon wehrlei Wehrles Salamander... Plethodon welleri Weller's salamander Plethodon yonahlossee Yonahlossee salamander Pseudobranchus axanthus Southern … 1967. Another fact is that they are relatively easy to take care of--provided that you know how to do so correctly. There is evidence of character displacement in this area, as southern zigzag salamanders are all of the unstriped phase, and southern red-backed salamanders are all striped (Highton, 1972). (c) Wikipedia, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA). Find the perfect northern red salamander stock photo. The southern zigzag salamander is very common and is ranked as a species of lowest conservation concern. It is probably now stable and not seriously threatened (IUCN). Gray-Cheeked Salamander Complex Plethodon amplus, meridianus, metcalfi, montanus . A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Southern Red-Backed Salamander Plethodon serratus . Thurow (1956, Herpetologica 12: 177-182) gives a long list of characters that can be used to distinguish P . The southern zigzag salamander (Plethodon ventralis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. Southern Zigzag Salamander. HABITAT: They prefer upland rocky woodlands dominated by hardwoods, most often encountered under rotten logs and rocks. Southern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon ventralis . Plethodon dorsalis Cope, 1889 Northern Zigzag Salamander. Eurycea cirrigera. 442-443 pp. The stripe can vary from even-edged to a wavy or lobed appearance. Habitat/Range : The southern zigzag salamanders only occurs in a small area in western North Carolina. Desmognathus conanti. Presumably, nesting occurs in subterranean cavities and passages, probably during the summer months. LIFE HISTORY AND ECOLOGY:  Historical versus Current Distribution. editors of this guide it should copy everything, but if you're not, it Kingdom Animalia animal kingdom. The University of Alabama Press. Todd McKinney 5 records: Steven Hromada 3 records: Jake Scott Green Salamander 12. Sources and Credits The Carolina Herp Atlas is keeping a database of amphibian and reptile distributions throughout the Carolinas allowing amateur naturalists and herpetology researchers to track observation records and obrain a better understanding the amphibian and reptile ecology in the Carolinas. Plethodon websteri. Gallery. Desmognathus auriculatus. Plethodon ventralis. Southern ZigZag Salamander (Plethodon ventralis). Walter E. Meshaka Jr. 1 1. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Plethodon ventralis - Southern Zigzag Salamander -- Discover Life mobile HABITAT:  (c) Todd Pierson, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA. The southern red-backed salamander is often confused with the Ozark zigzag salamander, but there are a number of distinguishing characteristics to tell the two apart. History Talk (0) Share. Occurs in the eastern two-thirds of TN below 2500 ft. Zigzag Salamander fairly recently split into Northern and Southern Zigzag (P. ventralis) Salamander, which appear identical.Description: A small, dark-colored salamander (2.5 to 3.5 inches in length) with a red or orangish wavy pattern, or “zigzag”, extending from the neck down the back to the base of the tail where it straightens out. The southern zigzag salamander (Plethodon ventralis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. The sides of this salamander are dark with some white speckling. Found in Interior Plateau and Southwestern Appalachians. Southern Dusky Salamander 12. STATUS: Northern zigzag salamander is a small, slender salamander belonging to the family Plethodontidae, found only in the United States. Most Alabama specimens have 18 costal (associated with ribs) grooves. Southern zigzag salamanders (Plethodon ventralis) occur in scattered sites from northern Mississippi east-northeast to southeastern Virginia, including sites in northern Alabama and Georgia, eastern Tennessee, and western North Carolina. The southern zigzag salamander is very common and is ranked as a species of lowest conservation concern. Southern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon ventralis HM 203268 Southern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon ventralis HM 202374 Southern Zigzag Salamander Plethodon ventralis HM 170530 Most Observed By Some records may be hidden from the public. Mount, Robert H. 1996. Plethodon ventralis. The geographic range of northern zigzag salamanders was considered to include central … Lowest Conservation Concern. Weller’s Salamander Plethodon welleri . DESCRIPTION:  It becomes harmful, however, when eaten by its predators such as birds and mammals. Dusky salamander Desmognathus fuscus Southern two-lined salamander Eurycea cirrigera Longtail salamander Eurycea longicauda Cave salamander Eurycea lucifuga Four-toed salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Redback salamander Plethodon cinereus Zigzag salamander Plethodon dorsalis Northern slimy salamander Plethodon glutinosus Most of the habitat loss was not recent. It is endemic to the United States. Its range overlaps but mostly occurs north and east of the Ozark zigzag’s range. Add a photo to this gallery. Under construction Salamanders of SC and GA: Reptiles and Amphibians of SC and GA: Until 1997, Alabama populations were known as northern zigzag salamander, P. dorsalis. Southern zigzag salamanders are largely restricted to the lower elevations, and southern red-backed salamanders occur at higher elevations. The Southern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon ventralis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. Habitat: Found beneath rocks, logs, and leaf litter in mixed hardwood forests. Southern Two-lined Salamander 5. It is a lungless salamander. Forest/Woodland Southern Interior Low Plateau Dry-Mesic Oak Forest Forest/Woodland Southern Interior Low Plateau Dry-Mesic Oak Forest - Evergreen Modifier Forest/Woodland Southern Ridge and Valley Dry Calcareous Forest Forest/Woodland Southern Ridge and Valley Dry Calcareous Forest - Hardwood Modifier Rock Outcrop Southern Interior Calcareous Cliff Southern Zigzag Salamander has a more pronounced wavy edge to stripe along back. Although they resemble lizards, they lack the scales, claws and external ear openings of the reptile group. 144-145 pp. Hammerson, G. 2004. will only copy the licensed content. Three-lined Salamander 31. You can copy this taxon into another guide. Northern Slimy Salamanders are found with Pigeon Mountain Salamanders (P. petraeus), Southern Zigzag Salamanders, Green Salamanders, Long-tailed Salamanders, Cave Salamanders, and Spring Salamanders on Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, Georgia (Wynn et al., 1988). In Illinois, the lead phase of the Red-backed Salamander does not occur in the same geographical location as the lead phase of the Zigzag Salamander (Mississippi River of SW Illinois). References. Species Status: Common. The belly is typically dark grey and may show traces of red or yellow pigment. wikiHow is here to help with the latter (because salamanders don't need any help being cute or cool looking). It is endemic to the United States. Ravine Salamander Plethodon richmondi . Unlike many salamanders, Webster’s is most active in cool weather, a time of year when most other salamanders hibernate. Blaney, R. M. and K. Relyea. 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