This article provides only general information about legal issues and developments, and is not intended to provide specific legal advice. Not much longer as you will see in our next article: What action will Canada take and how will it impact Canadian businesses? And Canada has no laws specifically requiring businesses to disclose whether they or their suppliers are utilizing modern slavery in the sourcing or production of their products or services. Slavery in Western Canada. As a result of the dissolution of Parliament, Bill C-423 will not pass. For example, slave is used to describe a person’s property. Canada's largest trading partner, the United States, now bans the import of slave-made and forced labour-made goods and companies wishing to do business with the US Government must certify that they are not using forced or human–trafficked labour in their operations and supply chains. We are living through the greatest improvement in human living standards in history. Despite the magnitude and severity of this issue and Canada's global reputation as a country committed to freedom and social justice, Canada is an outlier in addressing modern slavery compared to most of its biggest trading partners. ... March 19, 2019… Modern Slavery Act Statement 2019 Introduction At Canada Life we recognise the importance of the Act and what it aims to achieve in combatting modern slavery, and, as a responsible business, we understand our duty to act ethically and with integrity. Canada is among 12 nations with the lowest estimated prevalence of modern slavery, according to the charity. Today, Canada has no specific laws prohibiting the use of modern slavery in the production of goods procured by Canada's federal or provincial governments. In 1793 Upper Canada (now Ontario) passed the Anti‐slavery Act. Now is the time for Canadian companies to "do diligence" on their supply chains, The Real Brokerage closes US$20 million strategic investment by Insight Partners. This series will shed light on this evolving area, while helping CEO's and directors fulfil their obligations to regulators, shareholders and other stakeholders. Many authors and historians use both sets of terms, which have similar meanings but can represent different perspectives on historical events. Human trafficking. Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen said in … Morgan, Kenneth. the entity’s structure and the goods that it manufactures, produces, grows, extracts or processes in Canada or elsewhere or that it imports into Canada; the entity’s policies in relation to forced labour and child labour; the entity’s activities that carry a risk of forced labour or child labour being used and the steps it has taken to assess and manage that risk; any measures taken to remediate any forced labour or child labour; and. The term enslaved describes the state of being held as a slave. The law freed enslaved people aged 25 and over and made it illegal to bring enslaved people into Upper Canada. Canada currently has no federal or provincial supply chain disclosure laws despite the emergent legislation/regulation in many other western countries requiring companies to disclose how they address the risk of modern slavery in their business operations and supply chains. This article provides only general information about legal issues and developments, and is not intended to provide specific legal advice. Although the TSCA has not yet been tabled in the Senate and therefore many details are still forthcoming, it follows the tabling of a similar private member’s bill aimed to tackle modern slavery, as well as the Government of Canada’s announcement in February 2019 that it will consult on bringing forward supply chain reporting legislation. Historians who prefer enslaved person e… Find out everything you need to know. 2019 MODERN SLAVERY AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING STATEMENT OVERVIEW At PepsiCo, we believe acting ethically and responsibly is not only the right thing to do, but also the right thing to do for our ... Canada, the United Kingdom, China, and Brazil. The world’s most widespre… Please see our disclaimer for more details. Government of Canada Consultations - June 2019. Gowling WLG is an international law firm comprising the members of Gowling WLG International Limited, an English Company Limited by Guarantee, and their respective affiliates. Extreme poverty has fallen below 10 per cent of the world’s population for the first time. It is based on the life of Solomon Northrup, a free man, who was kidnapped from his hometown in New York and sold south into slavery. On December 13, 2018, following that report, Bill C-423, to be known as the ‎Modern Slavery Act, was introduced in the Parliament of Canada, with the stated purpose of ‎implementing Canada’s international commitment to contribute to the fight against modern slavery ‎through the imposition of reporting obligations on entities involved in the manufacture, production, ‎growing, extraction or processing of goods in Canada or elsewhere or in the importation of goods ‎manufactured, produced, grown, extracted or processed outside Canada.‎. By Natasha Henry. Let nobody tell you that the second decade of the 21st century has been a bad time. According to the International Labour Organization, as many as 25 million people are suffering in forced labour and as many as 152 million children are victims of child labour - 73 million of whom are engaged in hazardous work. DLA Piper is a global law firm operating through various separate and distinct legal entities. The most common are: 1. Our site provides a full range of global and local information. Journal of global slavery 4.2 (2019): 226-265. In October of 2018, the Parliament of Canada Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development and the Subcommittee on International Human Rights issued a report titled, “A Call To Action: Ending The Use of All Forms of Child Labour in Supply Chains”. Our in-depth take on the latest trending topics. The UK and Australian laws require these annual statements to be approved by the company's board of directors and signed by a director. Modern Slavery Act Statement 2019 This document constitutes Royal Bank of Canada’s Modern Slavery Act Statement for 2019. As of July 2019, thirty-five Canadian companieshave released modern slavery statements, including companies that are often in the public di… 3. Oct 18, 2019 10:00 am By Hugh Fitzgerald. All rights reserved. Please see our, A Call To Action: Ending The Use of All Forms of Child Labour in Supply Chains. The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery (1997) Rodriguez, Junius P., ed. 8 DLA Piper is a global law firm with lawyers located in more than 40 countries throughout the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia Pacific, positioning us to help clients with their legal needs around the world. The website states: It is a confronting reality that even in the present day, men, women and children all over the world remain victims of modern slavery. 7 On Prince Edward Island, the complete abolition of slavery was pronounced by the legislature on 1825, nine years before the Imperial abolition of 1834. It is a noun that critics of the term say reduces a person to a position they never chose to be in. Slavery and the British Empire: From Africa to America (2008) Rodriguez, Junius P., ed. There is debate about the terms enslavement and enslaved people, on one hand, and slavery and slaves on the other. Bill C-423 proposed to require those entities, on an annual basis, to provide the government with a report that sets out the steps the entity has taken during the previous year to prevent and reduce the risk that forced labour or child labour is used at any step of the manufacture, production, growing, extraction or processing of goods in Canada or elsewhere by the entity or of goods imported into Canada by the entity. This statement is made pursuant to s.54 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 and sets out the steps that the MIP Inc. Group of companies (“MIP”) has taken and will continue to take to ensure that modern slavery or human trafficking does not take place within its business or supply chain. The use of violence, threats or coercion to transport, recruit or harbour people in order to exploit them for purposes such as forced prostitution, labour, criminality, marriage or organ removal. Specifically, the report was to require information respecting: To assist in its interpretation, Bill C-423 contained the following definitions: Essentially, these definitions mean that labour in question would be unlawful in Canada even if it was not unlawful in the jurisdiction in which it was being performed. Thomas Bernard has introduced a bill to formally acknowledge August 1 as Emancipation Day in Canada. As well as there are no general restrictions on the importation into Canada of goods made with labour subject to modern slavery. © 2020 Gowling WLG International Limited. Legislation in the UK, the State of California and most recently, Australia, compel such disclosure. For example, slave is used to describe a person’s property. It is a noun that critics of the term say reduces a person to a position they never chose to be in. Toronto, Sign up to receive insights on the latest legal changes and developments. Engaged citizens and advocates are encouraging Canada to follow in the steps of the U.K., California, the Netherlands and France in passing legislation to address modern slavery. Forced labour. In its latest incarnation, Bill C-423 was proposed to apply to any entity (a) that manufactures, produces, grows, extracts, processes or sells goods in Canada or elsewhere, (b) that imports into Canada goods manufactured, produced, grown, extracted or processed outside Canada, or (c) that controls an entity described in (a) or (b). Although Bill C-423 has not yet become law, combatting modern slavery is an issue on the minds of many international business leaders and, evidently, at least some Canadian politicians. World Vision Canada reported in 2017 that $34 billion of goods imported in to Canada each year may have been produced by child or forced labour. In October of 2018, the Parliament of Canada Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development and the Subcommittee on International Human Rights issued a report titled, “A Call To Action: Ending The Use of All Forms of Child Labour in Supply Chains”. This statement is made on behalf of Royal Bank of Canada (“the Bank”) and a number of its subsidiaries 1 (collectively “RBC… How long will Canada and its lawmakers wait to address modern slavery? This statement is made on behalf of Norton Rose Fulbright LLP and Norton Rose Fulbright Services (together, the Firm) pursuant to section 54 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 (the Act) and constitutes our slavery and human trafficking statement for the financial year ending 30 April 2019. Although it may be hard to believe that this cruel reality exists in 2019, modern slavery-an umbrella term that includes practices such as slavery, child labour, debt bondage labour, forced labour, and human trafficked labour- is a disturbing reminder of the tragic situation that may be present within many Canadian businesses, potentially reaching all the way to the very beginning of their supply chains. There is debate about the terms enslavement and enslaved people, on one hand, and slavery and slaves on the other. US & Canada; Should black Americans get slavery reparations? Partner - For example, France has enacted legislation imposing a "duty of vigilance" on very large French companies requiring them to establish and to execute a due diligence plan to identify risks of violation with respect to human rights, fundamental freedoms, health and safety regulations and environmental law. What is digital transformation? 2. Slavery in Canada includes both that practised by First Nations from earliest times and that under European colonization. Although it may be hard to believe that this cruel reality exists in 2019, modern slavery-an umbrella term that includes practices such as slavery, child labour, debt bondage labour, forced labour, and human trafficked labour- is a disturbing reminder of the tragic situation that may be present within many Canadian businesses, potentially reaching all the way to the very beginning of their supply chains. As is well known, slavery was formally abolished in Saudi Arabia as late as 1962, and then only after terrific pressure had been applied to the Saudis by Western governments. In 2017, the Global Slavery Index listed Eritrea, Burundi, the Central African Republic, Mauritania, and South Sudan on its list of the 10 countries with the highest prevalance of slavery. The highly anticipated soon-to-be-released film, 12 Years a Slave, has garnered lots of attention following its premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival. the training provided to employees on forced labour and child labour. The introduction of this legislation aligns with a broader trend of ESG focus on, and … The film provides a shocking but realistic depiction of American slavery. In response to the October 2018 House of Commons Committee report, the Government of Canada announced in early 2019 that it will "begin a process …to consult on possible supply chain legislation," adding Canada to a growing list of countries taking action to address this issue. Our Business At Canada Life International, we provide investment, estate planning and protection solutions to individuals, families and trusts. Insights for Canadian CEOs and directors addressing modern slavery in their businesses and supply chains. For further information about these entities and DLA Piper's structure, please refer to the Legal Notices page of this website. The 2019 theme for the commemoration, “Remember Slavery: The Power of the Arts for Justice”, aims to recognize the importance of art in confronting slavery, to … slavery across Canada Life International’s operations and supply chains, and the next steps planned for the current financial year and beyond. Many authors and historians use both sets of terms, which have similar meanings but can represent different perspectives on historical events. On December 13, 2018, following that report, Bill C-423, to be known as the ‎Modern Slavery Act, was introduced in the Parliament of Canada, with the stated purpose of ‎implementing Canada’s international commitment to contribute to the fight against modern slavery ‎through the imposition of reporting obligations on entities involved in the manufacture, production, ‎growing, extraction or … Many Canadian businesses operating in those jurisdictions are already required to make such disclosure. This presents an opportunity for an organization’s supply chain and human resources professionals to work together to understand the laws of all jurisdictions in which they operate and the interplay between those laws and to proactively address potential legislative compliance obligations in the future. Other laws and regulations in the EU and other European countries require public disclosure of human rights issues and, in some cases, require companies to conduct human rights due diligence. If the Liberal Party wins a majority in the election, it is possible that Bill C-423 will be reintroduced in a form that is the same as, or substantially similar to, the version that was introduced in 2018. Any work or services people are forced to do against their will under threat of punishment. Slavery today takes many different forms, including human trafficking, forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage and others. Bill S-216: An Act to enact the Modern Slavery Act and to amend the Customs Tariff (Bill), was recently introduced in the Canadian Senate and aims to implement Canada's international commitments to contribute to the fight against modern slavery, with a focus on forced labour and child labour. Modern slavery takes many forms. The upcoming federal elections in Canada and the soon-to-be-new Parliament also presents an opportunity for organizations to provide constructive feedback on Bill C-423 before any future iteration of the Bill is introduced and to work with political representatives to design an optimal regulatory compliance regime for modern slavery in Canada. The index put Canada’s population at 35,871,000 with … The Slavery Abolition Act passed by parliament in 1833 ended the entire barbaric practice everywhere in the British Empire, including Canada. You can read more about slavery in French Canada in the Canadian Encylcopedia, and Marcel Trudel’s Canada’s Forgotten Slaves: Two Centuries of Bondage. In line with internationally accepted best practices, outlined in the Trafficking Protocol, Canada ... Modern Slavery Statement 2019/20 Our Vision To give every child the best start in life Our Mission Deliver high quality childcare and Gowling WLG International Limited promotes, facilitates and co-ordinates the activities of its members but does not itself provide services to clients. Alternatively, if another party wins a majority in the election, or if a minority government comes to power, it is possible that a different solution will be proposed to regulate modern slavery in Canada. Tailor your perspective of our site by selecting your location and language below. Learn about them all here. © 2020 DLA Piper. Historians who prefer enslaved person e… modern slavery • Only 29 % of companies are actively looking beyond their first tier of suppliers – despite modern slavery often lurking in the lower tiers of global supply chains • 94% of companies feel positive (65%) or neutral (29%) about the Government of Canada’s announcement to initiate consultation Following the rediscovery of sex slave rings in Canada, the vice chair of the Parliamentary Committee on the Status of Women assigned staff to review the human trafficking data of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Our structure is explained in more detail on our Legal Information page. The term enslaved describes the state of being held as a slave. Foreign governments in other jurisdictions have passed legislation to address this issue, including, for example, the United Kingdom’s Modern Slavery Act, 2015, the California Transparency in Supply Chains Act (2010), France’s Corporate Duty of Vigilance Law, and Australia’s Modern Slavery Act. Companies to which these laws apply must post online or file an annual statement detailing what efforts (if any) they have taken to ensure that modern slavery is not taking place in their businesses or in their supply chains. A rapidly growing challenge for Canadian businesses is how to address modern slavery in their operations and supply chains. Responding to the focus on modern slavery domestically and abroad, several Canadian businesses have chosen to voluntarily report their efforts in combatting modern slavery and many more have begun to develop internal best practices for eliminating child labour and forced labour in their supply chains. Penalties for non-compliance were proposed to be in the form of fines of not more than $250,000 per offence. Modern Slavery Statement for Financial Year 2019/20. Attorney advertising. Encyclopedia of Emancipation and Abolition in the Transatlantic World (2007) Sinha, Manisha. ... "They keep blaming America for slavery, but the truth is that throughout human history slavery has existed. It was 60 per cent when I was born. Stephen A. Pike (CNN) Canada has announced it will take in 750 refugees from Libya, some rescued from migrant detention centers. The Bill also contemplated powers for inspection and investigations, the ability for the government to issue orders for compliance, and the ability for the government to prohibit importation of product into Canada in situations where its production has been in violation of the Modern Slavery Act. Given the novelty of the bill in Canada and the high stakes of failing to comply with its reporting requirements, one might wonder about the need for such legislation… First and foremost, Canadian companies are already reporting under the UK Modern Slavery Act, given that the reporting requirement extends to companies carrying on business in the United Kingdom. Canada Holdings (U.K.) Limited. However, since its introduction, Bill C-423 has not proceeded any further through the parliamentary process; and, on September 11, 2019, the current Parliament was dissolved in preparation for the upcoming federal election on October 21, 2019. Canada has begun resettling hundreds of people rescued from slavery in Libya, Immigration Minister Ahmed Hussen says. All rights reserved. 20/12/2019 ~ wpgman. COVID-19: How will coronavirus impact your business? Navigate the tides of digital disruption, How will Brexit affect your business? Debt bondage/bonded labour. Each member and affiliate is an autonomous and independent entity. Canada has a National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking. Indeed, the commercial and regulatory landscape surrounding modern slavery in Canada is at a crossroads with new demands and growing pressures on Canadian businesses projected to significantly increase in the near term. Slavery is Canada's best-kept secret Canada has burnished its reputation as the terminal station of the Underground Railroad, a safe haven for runaway slaves. Bill C-423 was proposed by John MacKay, a Member of Parliament affiliated with the Liberal Party, which held a majority in Parliament when the Bill was introduced. 17 Jul 2019 New data reveals widespread failure by governments in tackling modern slavery Walk Free’s new report ‘Measurement, Action, Freedom’ is the most comprehensive assessment of global progress towards the eradication of modern slavery. The scope of application was proposed to be limited to entities listed on a stock exchange in Canada or with at least $20 million in assets or generating at least $40 million in annual revenue or employing an average of at least 250 employees. To make such disclosure World ’ s modern slavery in Canada includes both that practised First! 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