They tried to invade Cuba and failed several times, Nicaragua was conquered for a few months in 1856 before cholera and an insurgency drove them back out. A picture is truly worth a thousand words. Chapter 27: The Struggle for Power I: The Blue Nations     Chapters 27 and 28 discuss what is happening today versus what has happened in the past. The Far West and El Norte tend to swing depending on the circumstances. By the 1750s the colony had grown so slowly that there were only 62,000 French people living in Québec and Acadia and they were never able to challenge the English Protestant nations to the south. MHQ Home Page In his new book, American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America (Viking, 2011), Colin Woodard casts a new light on the rift in American discourse, a split often couched in terms of conservative and liberal, of red states versus blue. By traveling down the length of the Appalachian Mountains they blocked the more law-abiding residents of the Tidewater and the Deep South from expanding westward. With the increasing value of cotton and sugar as cash crops the slave owners were able to buy much more property and more slaves. During much of the 1800s Dixie was solidly Democrat and with the Civil War the North was Republican. The second element in the success of the colony was the English Civil War in the 1640s which prompted a mass exodus of families to the Tidewater area. 1878 to 2010 Amazon.com: Study Guide: American Nations by Colin Woodard (SuperSummary) (9781690733799): SuperSummary: Books Most did not stay close to the city but headed straight to the backcountry. Another effort was made to secede but this failed in 1794 when President George Washington rode out with an army of 10,000 well-armed troops and the regional congress voted to submit to federal authority. Instead, it was a near carbon copy of the West Indian slave state. Settlement pattern were similar to Oregon, Yankees in the towns and Appalachians in the countryside. Wave after wave of colonists continued to arrive in the colony kept growing. 1816 to 1877 Their poor planning became obvious the first winter when almost half of them died before they got help from the local Passamaquoddy tribe. The Yankees generally built the first towns and settled them and the settlers from Greater Appalachia, who arrived shortly thereafter, settled in the countryside, leaving the towns and government to the Yankees. The author presents a number of specific facts to back up his hypothesis. The author makes it abundantly clear that he hates slavery and all those who support it or profit from it. An overwhelming number of immigrants may completely submerge an existing nation. These conflicting worldviews pout the two blocks on a political collision course. Yankees hated slavery and did everything they could to stop it. Found it is probably the wrong word, most were refugees from lowland Scotland, northern England, and the Scots-Irish North end of Ireland. Sort of reminds me of the motto of some ranchers in the Far West about wolves, "Shoot 'em, dig a deep hole, and cover 'em up.". When these were challenged they rallied poor whites by fearmongering. Author Colin Woodard, in his fascinating book American Nations, presents a remarkably different and compelling viewpoint: that America as we know it is actually comprised of eleven different nations, each having its own unique historical, cultural and political features and views. They call themselves the Regulators. American Exceptionalism: Americans are God's Chosen people. They also despised the residents of New France around New Orleans because of their French and Spanish forms of slavery with less rigidity and acceptance of free blacks, their Catholic religion, and their overall culture. The first were the fur traders attached to the Hudson's Bay Company. John F. Kennedy quizzes about important details and events in every section of the book. Chapter 25: Culture Clash     In the late 50's I was in High School, my parents were Republicans. Part Two:   Unlikely Allies Their individual settlements tended to be homogeneous but the next town may well be very different. Slave traders offered a solution to this shortage, slaves would become the permanent property of their masters.   By the end of the war, the six nations had closer connections to one another than they had ever had before. The railroads convinced the federal government to heavily subsidize their track laying and then very quickly the railroads and associated industries (mining, timber, and to a lesser extent farming) bought sufficient politicians to control much of the governments of the area. Buy Study Guide: American Nations by Colin Woodard (SuperSummary) by Supersummary online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Epilogue     Now for your final exam, draw the map of the American nations as it will look in 2100 and describe how it will get there, what the politics relating the nations will be, and how the nations will be faring economically. Canada has had major fractures but they seem to have been overcome in large part by the actions of the First Nations. dividing ourselves but our values and our principles can unite us. Not much happened until rumors of William's invasion reached New England in February 1689. In American Nations, Colin Woodard leads us on a journey through the history of our fractured continent, and the rivalries and alliances between its component nations, which conform to neither state nor international boundaries. In 1682 10 723 ships to Pennsylvania carrying 2000 colonists with tools, provisions, and livestock. I didn't seriously get informed about politics until the early 2000's. I knew nothing of politics or social movements. Chapter 17: Appalachia Spreads West     Appalachian people have long been identified with the American frontier. In American Nations he takes readers on a journey through the history of our fractured continent, offering a … We have been deeply divided ever since the days of Jamestown and Plymouth. Most if their property was stolen but they were not driven from the area or killed unless they objected. As we all know, Britain did not back down. Composed of many ethnic and religious groups there was no single overriding philosophy other than perhaps live and let live. In the South African Americans rose up and demanded their rights, white southerners rose up to defend their power. 11 Competing American Nations Remain. Tidewater's gentry embraced classical Republicanism, meaning a Republic model after those of ancient Greece and Rome. The Tidewater gentry were happy, the New Yorkers and the New Englanders less so but they were mollified for the time being. They would found a new Zion. This time the political leaders in the South were able to convince the populous of Greater Appalachia to join with them. The final 2½ pages ask the question, what if the Dixie block never existed or if the Confederacy had quietly and peacefully seceded in 1861. Although New Netherland often sides with Yankeedom and the Left Coast it has sided with the Dixie coalition at times. The Cold War (1945–1963) Quiz Test your knowledge on all of The Cold War (1945–1963). Chapter 19: Conquering El Norte     By 1821 the Mexican civil war had bankrupted the country, a tenth of the people had been killed, governments fell 35 times between 1833 and 1855, and the provinces were left largely on their own. The uncivil feud began shortly thereafter. The original North American colonies were settled by people from distinct regions of the British Islands, and from France, the Netherlands, and Spain, each with their own religious, political, and ethnographic characteristics. a loose political allience with some characteristics of statehood, and. Midlanders tended to resist war preparations because so many of them had emigrated from Germany. American Nations Themes The Melting Pot Is a Falsehood While the United States is often described as a melting pot, Woodard writes that this idea is false, as is the idea that we have always been a unified country that has only recently been deeply divided. The Deep South Seceded and fought the Civil War to defend slavery. The Greek and Roman political philosophy embraced by Tidewater gentry assumed the opposite: most humans were born into bondage. After being thwarted in their expansion efforts, the leaders of the Deep South and Tidelands realized that their way of life was in jeopardy, to save it, they would have to leave the Union. Longtime national affairs writer Woodard (American Nation: A History of Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America, 2011, etc.) I also have a serious problem with these chapters: color. Following WW II (he ignores the Korean War) the Nations reverted to form, Yankeedom, New Netherlands, and the Left Coast rejected wars in Vietnam, Cambodia, and the Middle East. Some of the radicals were involved in many killings and were arrested, many aboriginal rights were granted, and they are fully in charge of the province. Readers of American Nations often ask if something changed with regard to the regional cultures to allow the 2016 Republican nominee, Donald Trump, to capture the Electoral College votes of … The area very rapidly became similar to the English manor house society, hereditary, inbred, and completely governed by the gentleman of the area. He rejects the cultural significance of the divisions between the 13 Canadian provinces and territories, 31 Mexican states, and 50 American ones as well as the meaningless "regions", "the Northeast," "the West," etc. Summary According to award-winning journalist and historian Colin Woodard, North America is made up of eleven distinct nations, each with its own unique historical roots. But through the use of, as Jared Diamond called it, Guns, Germs, and Steel, the population had crashed by 80% to 90% by 1630. The strong progressive/populist orientation of many of the workers asserted itself in the 1930s with Roosevelt and the New Deal but the cultural revolution of the 1960s drove many of them into an unholy alliance with Deep South politicians which still exists. Many Presbyterians also supported this line. The National Army has been called out to suppress the drug cartels but it doesn't seem to be winning. Everyone was expected to read the Bible themselves so everyone had to learn to read. The Citadel was created as a military school to train planters youths to put down slave rebellions. Many were of German origin but a maximum was reached in Wisconsin at 16% in 1860. Chapter 6: The Colonies' First Revolt     Shortly after James II became King in 1685 imposed a much more authoritarian government was established, replacing elected assemblies with a royal governor and taking back titles to land, raising exorbitant duties on tobacco and sugar. Tidewater's slaves replaced themselves through natural increase, Barbados planters had to import huge numbers every year. The Dutch negotiated as good of a deal as possible at the point of a gun. Chapter 20: Founding the Left Coast     Most of the Left Coast's early colonists were Yankees who arrived by sea in hopes of founding a second New England on the Pacific. Courtesy Colin Woodward and Tufts University. Chapter 11: Six Wars of Liberation     In his book Albion's Seed historian David Hackett Fisher makes the case for their having been not one American War of independence before; a popular insurrection in New England, a professional "gentlemen's war," in the South, a savage Civil War in the backcountry, and a "nonviolent economic and diplomatic struggle" spearheaded by the elites that Woodard calls the Midlands. Final papers will be due Jan. 1, 2050 and grades will be posted by Jan 1, 2100, good luck. who had been second class citizens with Deep South or Greater Appalachian whites in control began to take over many of the cities. However by the middle of the 1700s England became much more powerful and begin to take more interest in these upstarts. Only when London began regarding its colonies as a single unit—and enacted policies threatening to nearly all—did these distinct societies briefly come together to win a revolution and create a joint government. But from the 1670s onward the gentry have an increasingly difficult time finding enough poor Englishmen willing to take on this role. main page. Study Guide American Nations by Colin Woodard (SuperSummary) Some of the people in Appalachia knew what was going on. On the morning of April 18, 1689 conspirators raised a flag on top of Beacon Hill, captured the captain of the naval frigate assigned to guard the city, and surrounded the fort where the royal governor was stationed. While they were passionate in defending their liberties, it would never have occurred to them that those liberties, might be shared with their subjects. 1770 to 1815 The author lists a large number of activists and their causes. American Nations A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America (Book) : Woodard, Colin : The author describes eleven rival regional "nations" in the United States (Yankeedom, New Netherland, the Midlands, Tidewater, Greater Appalachia, the Deep South, New France, El Norte, the Left Coast, the Far West, and First Nation), and how these deep roots continue … While the Lieutenant governor bartered with the Yankees and threatened the city, the city's own militia took the fort at New York City. It was named Pennsylvania after his father. By the end of October 1774 they had agreed to a boycott of British goods and an export moratorium if Britain did not back down by mid 1775. The local staff of the Hudson's Bay Company were mostly from New France and their main rivals were shipborne fur traders from New England. Alexander Hamilton: the unelected Senate would "check the impudence of democracy", Edmund Randolph: enormous federal electoral districts because they would "divide the community", James Madison: "defense against the inconveniences of democracy". Mexico was no match for the American Army and it was conquered very rapidly. Many of them adapted the nomadic ways of the Native American people. Perfect prep for The Cold War (1945–1963) quizzes and tests you might have in school. Part Three: Wars for the West The majority of the chapter discusses the Yankee expansion in much more detail including social and religious factors. It was disbanded by its own Grand Wizard in 1869 when the southern white elite became concerned that it was encouraging the lower white orders to think and act on their own. Nearly all of them would seriously consider leaving the union between the Revolution and the Civil War when a number of the slaveholding states did attempt to secede. Chapter 9: Founding Greater Appalachia     Greater Appalachia was the last of the nations to be founded in the colonial period. This is not the first time we’ve faced such a crisis. Four years later 8000 people were living in and around Philadelphia. Most leaders in Tidewater and the Deep South were strong supporters. A final effort was made to conquer the Mexican territory of El Norte. In the 60's I was a college student, in the wheat fields of Eastern Washington not much happened, Oh, my fraternity had a "Fidel Castro Day" to celebrate the overthrow of Batista (sp?) As always, there are specific national flavors to their support or rejection of specific wars. Southern Baptist and Methodist preachers broke with their northern counterparts to endorse slavery on the grounds that Africans were descendents of Ham, who was condemned in the Bible to be a "hewer of wood and drawer of water" for his white masters. This didn't happen. Those farther south were more prone to see the southern planters as their greatest enemy and were ready to support the British to settle old scores with the planters. Early on in the late 1800s the Deep South was in general favor of war and conquest but was leery of conquering areas and considering them for statehood if they had a large population of brown-skinned or uppity niggers which might form a threat to the Deep South way of life. Puritans considered it their business and calling to make sure that both they and all others would conform to God's plan. Naturally the Yankees were the first act, in December 1773 and organize mob threw £11,000 worth of East India Company tea into Boston Harbor. The Deep Southerners and Tidewatereites organized their resistance around the one civic institution they controlled, the churches. In 1800 he lost the election to Jefferson. Perfect prep for The Cold War (1945–1963) quizzes and tests you might have in school. In Greater Appalachia feelings were very high both for and against the patriot or loyalist causes. In 1680 he settled King Charles debt to his late father in exchange for a grant of 45,000 mi.² of real estate between Lord Baltimore's Maryland and the Duke of York's New York. Yankees in the East, much more of New France in the Northeast, Midlands north of the Great Lakes, the Far West through the prairies and into the Rockies, and the Left Coast along the western coast of British Columbia. Woodard raises this to six, points out that they did not occur sequentially and the two involved invasions by one American nation into another. Canada appears to be quite stable at present at least in part because the Canadian nations realize that they cannot survive nearly as well by themselves as they can and a working federation. After the attack on Pearl Harbor the nation solidified behind the war effort. He answers that by pointing to the country across the northern border from America, Canada. Leaders on all sides knew that open hostilities would result in a war and none of them wanted that. They promulgated the twin political ideologies of America's imperial age. The aristocratic gentleman who controlled the Tidewater were not nearly so unified and saw no need to gauge public opinion. a popular movement demanding "democracy" which many of the national leaders found alarming. American Character, Colin Woodard traces these two key strands in American politics through the four centuries of the nation’s existence, from the first colonies through the Gilded Age, Great Depression and the present day, and he explores how different regions of the country have successfully or disastrously Yankeedom, Midlands, New Netherland, and Left Coast generally supporting social change, Deep South, Tidewater, and Greater Appalachia defending the traditional order. Chapter 1: Founding El Norte     In 1493 Pope Alexander VI gave Spain almost all of the entire Western Hemisphere, the only thing that was askes of Spain was that all of the hemispheres inhabitants must be converted to Catholicism and to "train them in good morals." The other colonies welcomed all comers but the Puritans required a religious test, and you must be a Calvinist. It was a pattern that would define Appalachia to the present day. Yankeedom, Tidewater, the Deep South, and northern Appalachia essentially won their wars and New Netherlands, the Midlands, and southern Appalachia lost. Jefferson and the Congress passed many laws which were favorable to the more southern states but quite detimental to New England. Manifest Destiny: God wished Americans to rule the continent from sea to sea. The Government, the Dutch East India Company, was interested in trade, diversity, and not much else. Having previously read and enjoyed Colin Woodard's "American Nations", I knew that his latest book would likely be a worthwhile read but I enjoyed even more than I thought. This is still with us today in the form of anti-Mexican racism. Very few highborn nobles or gentleman ever came to Yankeedom, their aristocracy was defined by education. The inhabitants of the Americas had most of the capabilities of what we would call an advanced civilization but they were sorely lacking in one area, killing and making war. All were equal before the law, and all had to come into the world possessing "rights" that had to be mutually respected on threat of banishment. American Nations discusses the history of North America's nations from their foundations to their present position within the continents three federations: Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Another result of these wars was that the Spanish colonies never received the support of the European colonies and they failed to prosper and expand. The four that did, Yankeedom, Tidewater, Greater Appalachia, and the Deep South had little in common and strongly distrusted one another, they were fighting separate wars of colonial liberation. Washington, to the north, was not settled as soon because the ownership of the area was still unclear. Cultivating tobacco was very labor-intensive and the company leaders recruited indentured servants from England. Borrowing fruitful notions from Joel Garreau’s Nine Nations of North America (1981) and David Hackett Fischer’s Albion’s Seed: Four British Folkways in North America (1989), Woodard traces the differences in America’s regions to cultural, ethnic, religious and political differences among various strains of settlers, many of them long in play back in the British Isles. At present it appears that the Mexican federation is in the worst shape. They did not come directly from your, they were the sons and grandsons of the founder of an older English colony: Barbados, the richest and most horrifying society in the English-speaking world. Read a quick 1-Page Summary, a Full Summary, or watch video summaries curated by our expert team. Slaveholding elite of ancient Athens, basing their enlightened political philosophy they emulated the learned, around the ancient Latin concept of libertas or liberty. That's more nations … Colin Woodard, A91, is the author of American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America. I lived through all of this chapter but my mind was elsewhere. The Mexican nationals, who had been full participants in the revolution, were disliked (hated) by many of the Appalachians and the Deep Southerners and were treated only slightly better than the Cherokees had been. American Nations The United States, says author Colin Woodard, is not a country but an uneasy conglomeration of 11 rival nations. If something major would happen in the US would the Mexican states south and west of the Rio Grande opt to join the US or perhaps join with the El Norte areas of the US and form their own nation-state? Private Protestants had no interest in changing society but emphasized the need to maintain order and obedience. Catholicism would be the official religion but New France would be open to French Protestants who could freely practice their faith. When banditry became common, leading Appalachian families responded in a typical Borderland or fashion: they formed a vigilante gang to hunt the bandits down. In Tidewater, indentured servants were treated very poorly but there was a time limit. The Deep South oligarchy has had to content with rising numbers of black voters, gentlemanly moderation among the Tidewater elite, and powerful populist sentiment of many borderlanders. William did not grant everything that the insurgencies wanted but he did give back most of what James took. Another factor is that the Yankees were more interested in Boston and lower New England and were afraid to send too many reinforcements north. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on … Probably the most difference is the First Nation which has recently gained control of most of northern Canada. Although they didn't completely succeed they had a major effect. They staged the Whiskey Rebellion because that was their currency after the bankers and mostly Tidewater politicians manipulated their money away from them. Many battles occurred in the complete absence of British forces. They were out fighting Indians for the control of land while the Yankees and Midlanders generally waited for federal troops. Most of the rest of the population really didn't want to be bothered. Georgia even rejoined the empire during the conflict. Then power started moving south into the Tidelands for a few years and then into the Deep South. Chapter 3: Founding Tidewater     A few years after the French, the English landed at Jamestown. The enduring features that make up Greater Appalachia, The Left Coast, the Deep South, etc. The map shown here is from an article that Woodard wrote in the Fall 2013 issue of Tufts University’s alumni magazine. Less than 40% survived the first winter. However their efforts to preserve their separate cultures had produced two unexpected side effects: Chapter 13: Nations in the North     There was a lot of both support and opposition to the American Revolution in Canadian territory and there were two regiments who fought on the American side during the entire war. If you are a first time voter, this is ancient history, better learn it. From the utopian "Yankeedom" to the conservative "Greater Appalachia" and liberal "Left Coast," looking at these cultures sheds an interesting light on Chapter 12: Independence or Revolution? Penn's colonization effort was extremely well organized. As a side remark, seven of the Mexicans died at the Alamo. They were joined in a temporary partnership against a common threat: the British establishment's ham-fisted attempt to assimilate them into a homogeneous empire centrally controlled from London. 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